Lab: Word doc
Name(s) ________________________________________ Period______ Date____________
In this lab each student will work with a lab group in order to learn from the dissection of a Perch. Dissection gives the student the opportunity to observe the placement of organs and their relationships to one another. Before beginning the lab each student must perform pre-lab research in order to familiarize themselves with the Perch. Pictures and diagrams will aid in the completion of this lab dissection. Be thorough and do not rush through the lab. Read all directions carefully and make all drawings as accurate and neat as possible.
A. External Anatomy:
1. Place a preserved perch on a dissecting tray. Locate the head
region. Examine the eyes.
2. Are there any eyelids present? _______.
3. Draw the eye in the space below.
4. Label the eye on the external view (figure 1) of the fish.
5. Examine the two flaps located on either side of the head.
6. What is the name of these flaps? ________________________
7. What is their function? __________________________
8. Label the flaps on the external view (figure 1) of the fish.
9. Examine the 5 types of fins. In each box below, draw one of the fish's five types of fins.
10. Label each fin on the external view (figure 1)of the fish.
11.. How many fins? Caudal ____ Dorsal _____ Anal _____ Pelvic _____ Pectoral _____
12. Each fin has a purpose or job, what is the purpose of the following fins?
a). caudal fin_________________ d). anal _________________
b). dorsal fins________________ e). pelvic ________________
c). pectoral fin _______________
13. Locate the lateral line. Using the hand
lens and look at the line and the surrounding area.
14. Draw the lateral line in the space below.
15. Label the lateral line on the external view (figure 1) of the fish..
B. Internal Anatomy: Gill
16. Using your thumb, lift up the edge of the
operculum and raise it up as far as you can. Using your
scissors, cut the operculum off as close to the eye as possible. You have exposed the gills. The gills
are layered one on top of another. Using your probe, carefully lift each of these layers.
17. How many layers do you find? ___________
18. Using your scissors, remove one of these layers. Examine the feathery structure.
19. Draw the gill structure in the space below.
20. To expose the internal
organs you will cut away part of its muscular wall. Grasp your fish, holding it
with your thumb on one side and fingers on the other. Turn your hand upward to
expose the ventral surface. Using your scissors, insert the point into the
skin just in front of the anus. Cut forward to the gills. Be careful not to
destroy any of the internal organs, since they are mostly found in this area.
Place your thumb into the open cut area and lift up, separating the bottom from the top. Using your scissors, cut upward near the anus and the operculum and form a flap of skin and muscle. Finish cutting along the lateral line and remove the flap of tissue. See the figure below.
The fish contains a 2 chambered heart. Locate this organ found just behind and
below the gills.
Label the parts of the heart below.
22. Part 1 _______________ Function: _________________
23. Part 2 _______________ Function: _________________
24. Label the heart on figure 3.
25. Locate the tube-like digestive system. Begin just behind the mouth in
the area called the pharynx. This area leads into the gullet or the opening of
the esophagus. This area is very elastic and can stretch when the fish is
26 How could this help the fish? _________________________________________________
27. Label the mouth on figure 3.
28. Label the pharnyx on figure 3.
29. Label the esophagus on figure 3.
30. The esophagus leads into the stomach. Cut out the stomach and split it open.
31. Draw the inside of the stomach in the space below.
32. Label the stomach on figure 3.
33. Locate the rather large liver located just in front of the stomach.
34. Draw the liver in the space below.
35. Label the liver on figure 3.
36. Follow the intestine to the anus.
37. Label the intestine and anus on figure 3.
38. Locate the kidneys, found just below the spinal column. Their main
function is to rid the body of
39. Label the kidneys on figure 3.
40. The swim bladder is the last remaining organ to be identified. It is
located between the kidneys and
41. What is the function of the swim bladder_____________________________________
42. Label the swim bladder on figure 3.
Figure 3 Internal View of Perch
43. Research information & diagrams on the perch brain and how to dissect the brain
44. Using the information dissect the fish brain. Draw and label it in the space below. (Should have 6 items labeled on brain)